Started learning to use Vim .. Some simple commands to get started
Vim has two mode .
1. Insert mode (Where you can just type like normal text editor. Press i for insert mode)
2. Command mode (Where you give commands to the editor to get things done . Press ESC for command mode)
Most of them below are in command mode
- x – to delete the unwanted character
- u – to undo the last the command and U to undo the whole line
- CTRL-R to redo
- A – to append text at the end
- :wq – to save and exit
- :q! – to trash all changes
- dw – move the cursor to the beginning of the word to delete that word
- 2w – to move the cursor two words forward.
- 3e – to move the cursor to the end of the third word forward.
- 0 (zero) to move to the start of the line.
- d2w – which deletes 2 words .. number can be changed for deleting the number of consecutive words like d3w
- dd to delete the line and 2dd to delete to line .number can be changed for deleting the number of consecutive words
The format for a change command is: operator [number] motion
-operator – is what to do, such as d for delete
– [number] – is an optional count to repeat the motion
– motion – moves over the text to operate on, such as w (word),
$ (to the end of line), etc.
- p – puts the previously deleted text after the cursor(Type dd to delete the line and store it in a Vim register. and p to put the line)
- r – to replace the letter e.g press re to replace the letter with e
- ce – to change until the end of a word (place the cursor on the u in lubw it will delete ubw )
- ce – deletes the word and places you in Insert mode
- G – to move you to the bottom of the file.
- gg – to move you to the start of the file.
Type the number of the line you were on and then G
- % to find a matching ),], or }
- :s/old/new/g to substitute ‚new‘ for ‚old‘ where g is globally
- / backward search n to find the next occurrence and N to search in opposite direction
- ? forward search
- :! to run the shell commands like :!dir, :!ls
- :w – TEST (where TEST is the filename you chose.) . Save the file
- v – starts visual mode for selecting the lines and you can perform operation on that like d delete
- :r – Filename will insert the content into the current file
- R – to replace more than one character
- y – operator to copy text using v visual mode and p to paste it
- yw – (copy)yanks one word
- o – opens a line below the cursor and start Insert mode.
- O – opens a line above the cursor.
- a – inserts text after the cursor.
- A – inserts text after the end of the line.
- e – command moves to the end of a word.
- y – operator yanks (copies) text, p puts (pastes) it.
- R – enters Replace mode until <ESC> is pressed.
- ctrl-w to jump from one window to another
type a command :e and press ctrl+D to list all the command name starts with :e and press tab to complete the command