Ubuntu 14.04 – minimalni doinstalace

Ubuntu 14.04 doinstalace


Ubuntu (32bit jako vzor): seznam věcí k doinstalaci:

  1. Nastavení systému → Vzhled →
    tapeta, velikost launcheru
    chování – povolit pracovní plochy

  2. Nastavení systému →Software a aktualizace –
    hlavní server
    zapnout partnery Canonicalu
    dodatečné ovladače

  3. Nastavení systému → Jazyková podpora

  4. gnome-terminal
    vypnout klávesové zkratky
    upravit barevný profil

  5. apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y
    doinstalovat dodatečné ovladače

  6. apt-get install -y synaptic nautilus-open-terminal numlockx gdebi gkrellm atop rdesktop filezilla wine winetricks playonlinux gkrellm chromium-browser gimp inkscape nautilus-image-converter preload bleachbit synaptic mc zram-config gnome-tweak-tool ubuntu-restricted-extras skype nautilus-dropbox gnome-system-tools compizconfig-settings-manager cairo-dock ssh vncviewer cryptkeeper audacious audacity gparted qbittorrent avidemux-plugins-gtk avidemux-common playonlinux cups-pdf k3b xsane inkscape nautilus-open-terminal gnome-system-tools nautilus-image-converter preload bleachbit zram-config chromium-browser flashplugin-installer gimp gnome-tweak-tool

    apt-get install gnome-shell kde-plasma-desktop docky

  7. Z externích zdrojů:

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:thefanclub/grive-tools sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install grive-tools  
  8. # install playonlinux
    sudo apt-getinstall-y playonlinux  
  9. playonlinux z repozitáře pro Thrusty Tar  wget -q "http://deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg" -O- | sudo apt-key add -  sudo wget http://deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_trusty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list  sudo apt-get update  # useful dependencies sudo apt-get install -y curl p7zip-full  sudo apt-get install playonlinux
  10. wine7 repo   sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa sudo apt-get update  sudo apt-get install wine1.7 winetricks

    seafile virtualbox

  11. enable zswap
    you need to edit /etc/default/grub
    edit line to


    see it ? zswap.enabled=1
    and run update-grub
    to generate boot configure for grub
    after done all of these, reboot your system, happy time.

  12. Nastavit Online accounts, síťová připojení, tiskárny, vypnout otravné hlášky, české fonty, čeština pro kde, gnome-system-tools

    sudo -i gedit /etc/default/apport

    Obsah souboru pak vypadá takto:

    # set this to 0 to disable apport, or to 1 to enable it
    # you can temporarily override this with
    # sudo service apport start force_start=1


  13. Další kroky po instalaci

Oracle Java 

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer
andrei@andrei-desktop:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0-ea"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0-ea-b54)
Java HotSpot(TM) Server VM (build 24.0-b21, mixed mode)
andrei@andrei-desktop:~$ javac -version
javac 1.8.0-ea
sudo update-java-alternatives -s java-7-oracle
sudo update-java-alternatives -s java-8-oracle


sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa  
sudo apt-get update  && sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

Přizpůsobení Unity:


IP address:



To permanently change this value:
gksudo gedit /etc/sysctl.conf
Search for vm.swappiness and change its value as desired. If vm.swappiness does not exist, add it to the end of the file like so:
Finally, save the file and reboot


Disable Guest Session

If you would like to remove the ability for a Guest to log onto your computer, simply run this command:

sudo /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm-set-defaults –allow-guest false

To revert this simply run the command again with true at the end instead of false.

Thanks to Chris Van Hoof for submitting this!

Native Notifications For Chrome/Chromium

Chrome has its own built in notification system for certain web apps. They look the same across all operating systems, but why not make it give you a default Ubuntu Unity / Gnome Shell notification instead? There’s a simple extension for that!

Official Extension Page.


iFuse (iPod, iPod Touch, iPhone Libraries)

Note: This was tested in 11.10 and not 12.04. Try this at your own risk, and please e-mail me your results.

Okay, admittedly I’m not an iDevice user, and never will be. But from what I’ve looked into this is the proper way to get music programs like Rhythmbox to recognize your iDevice. If you have any useful information on this topic please email me at rowan [at] mindseeder [dot] com.

sudo apt-get install ifuse libimobiledevice-utils
idevicepair unpair && idevicepair pair

Note: If you’re getting a -5 Error, try this:

sudo apt-get install libimobiledevice2-dbg libimobiledevice-dev libimobiledevice-doc libimobiledevice2
idevicepair unpair && idevicepair pair


Ubuntu 14.04 – minimalni doinstalace